Brief Introduction of Laozi
Time: 770 B.C.-256B.C.
Location of Capital:Disunity of the country
Emperors: Five hegemony in Spring and Autumn, Seven Kings in Warring States
Replaced by: Qin Dynasty
Laozi lived in 6th Century BC according to the Chinese tradition. He was the great philosopher of ancient China and was respected by millions of Chinese today. As the creator of Taoism, Laozi was famous for its religion and his great work Daodejing. Laozi and his religion Taoism had an important role in the spiritual world and culture of Chinese. He was regarded as the god of religious form of Taoism.Laozi was also called Lao Ran (Lao Dan means long ear in Chinese).
Laozi's great book, Daodejing was devided into two parts. One part is called Daojing, while the other is called Dejing. Daojing mainly discussed and explain the ancient Chinese philosophy. Dejing mainly explained the politics and military affairs. Daodejing, putting forward metaphysics systematically for the first time to the real formation of Taoist school of thought, plays a key role in the formation of ancient Chinese philosophy. Early in the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-8AD), the ruling class practiced a kind of so-called Huanglao (Emperor Huang and Lao Zi) politics, characterized by Taoist doctrine of governing by doing nothing, and realized a quick economic instauration, known as Reigns of Wen & Jing (prosperity in the period of Emperor Wen and Emperor Jing) in history.