Time: (1700 B.C.-1027B.C.)
Location of Capital: Modern City of Anyang in Henan Province
Replaced by: Zhou Dynasty
Shang dynasty is also called Yin dynasty in history. It has been said that Shang dynasty was built by a rebel leader who overthrew the last Xia ruler. Shang dynasties run from 1700 B.C. to 1027 B.C. The civilization of Shang has been know to people for a long time.
There were mainly agriculture, hunting and animal husbandry as the economic forms in Shang dynasty. A number of ceremonial bronze vessels with inscriptions date from the Shang period; the workmanship on the bronzes attests to a high level of civilization.
The capitals, one of which was at the site of the modern city of Anyang, were centers of glittering court life. Court rituals to propitiate spirits and to honor sacred ancestors were highly developed.
In addition to his secular position, the king was the head of the ancestor- and spirit-worship cult. Evidence from the royal tombs indicates that royal personages were buried with articles of value, presumably for use in the afterlife.
Perhaps for the same reason, hundreds of commoners, who may have been slaves, were buried alive with the royal corpse.
A line of hereditary Shang kings ruled over much of northern China to Beijing area now, and Shang troops fought frequent wars with neighboring settlements and nomadic herdsmen from the inner Asian steppes.