Invention of Paper in China
Time: 206B.C.-220 A.D.
Location of Capital: Chang an, in today's Xian, Shannxi Province
Emperors: Han Wudi, Wendi, Jingdi
Replaced by: Three Kingdoms
In its beginning age, paper was used as the the tool for recording the important events and data. Before the invention of paper, the turtle shell, animal bone, golden stone, bamboo slips, wood and cloth were used for recording and remembering things.
Oracle bones from Shang dynasty and the words written iron pans and other objects were unearthed during the 20th century. Bamboo and wooden boards from the Qin and Han were discovered in recent years.
There were many difficulties in using ancient materials for writing. The animal bones could not be found easily and stone was heavy. Good cloth was too expensive to use for writing. And bamboo slips and wooden boards took too much space. All of these tools were not easily used and with no convenience.
With the development of society, there was a great need for cheap and easy to get writing. After many times of research and practice, paper was invented using twine, broken cloth and the unused net.
The story of invention of paper, was dated back to the history book written by Fan Hua(398-445A.D.). It is said that Cai Lun(62-121A.D.) who was a eunuch of Dong Han dynasty invented the paper in 105 A.D.
Recent study and research shows that more research is needed to prove the beginnings of paper in Han dynasty. And that earlier examples of paper have been unearthed in Tibet area.
The invention of paper was a great contribution to the Chinese civilization and to the civilization of the world.
The supply of cheap paper meant that great thoughts could be written on the paper and read by people. Advanced and new ideas could be passed quickly and widely to the majority of people. It has promoted and quickened the steps of human civilization and development.
Invention of the paper has enriched the culture and and literature. More and more great works were produced and passed to the majority of people.